I have just happened unprotected sex. What to do?
In sex with a new partner, the main thing is to be protected. If there are no fresh references about the absence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and the pair does not use contraception, then the time of decisive action comes. Major risks two: unplanned pregnancy and venereal diseases. And the first and second manifests itself with time, and therefore, the temptation is great after unprotected sex to quit everything on a sideline, say: "Come on, it will sweep," and then rake running the consequences. So that it does not happen, it is important to know what to do.
Use emergency contraception as early as possible
Any membeo-vaginal sex without prevention can cause pregnancy. To solve the problem at the start, you need to use emergency contraception. Before use of pills, it is important to make sure that a woman has no contraindications (they are standard, and they are not so much). As emergency contraceptives, WHO recommends emergency contraception to use the following means.
Preparations with levonorgestrel
Levonorgestrel must be used for 72 hours from the moment of unprotected contact. The less time has passed between sex and reception of the drug, the higher the effectiveness will be.
There are two common myths about Levonorgestrel:
- Preparations based on it cause abortion. It’s not like this: the remedy is unauthorized, his meaning is to prevent pregnancy.
- Levonorgestrel causes tremendous harm. In fact, special contraindications are no emergency contraception: it is necessary to dispel myths and delusions, like harm from one-time consumption.
It is important to remember: even though the drug is sold without a recipe, it does not mean that he is the perfect means for regular contraception. In this case, planned oral contraceptives, chosen by the doctor.
Preparations with acetate
These tablets are most effective in the range from 72 to 120 hours after unprotected sex.
Combined oral contraceptives (COP) with ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel
They, like drug based drugs, you need to have time to use within 72 hours from the moment of unprotected sexual intercourse, closely following the instructions. Kok drink in two reception.
Copper-containing intrauterine contraceptives
Intrauterine Spiral Installs Doctor. It is worth contacting it as soon as possible, because it is necessary to carry out the procedure for five days from the moment of unprotected contact, then the chance to prevent pregnancy is approaching 100%.
Spiral is one of the most reliable pregnancy prevention tools. It can be installed as postcoital emergency contraception, and further use as a long-term means of protection. For one-time protection, it is expensive and not the most convenient way.
Pass tests on STI
Do not think that if there are no visible symptoms of the disease, then the partner is healthy. There are diseases that initially proceed asymptomaticly, but brought quite a few troubles later. Therefore, you need to pass tests. Go to the clinic or in any nearest private laboratory is more reliable and cheaper than to treat later the consequences on the not detected infection.
Analyzes that need to be passed after 1 week
If nothing bothers immediately, then you need to start passing tests in a week after unprotected sexual intercourse. The main analyzes that are recommended by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to hand over WHO, not so much: on mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, gonoronia and trichomoniasis. Such infections are usually easy to treat antibiotics appointed by the doctor.
Analyzes that need to be passed in 1-1.5 months
A month later, you need to repeat the analyzes on mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, gonoron and trichomoniasis. After 4-6 weeks after unprotected sexual contact, it is necessary to pass tests for hepatitis B and C, as well as on syphilis.
Analyzes that need to be passed in 3 months
Three months later, HIV analysis and re-on hepatitis and syphilis. The virus in the blood is not determined immediately, so the delay is necessary to get reliable results.
Perhaps the doctor also recommends to pass tests for genital herpes (HSV) and human papilloma virus (HPV). These diseases, as well as hepatitis B and HIV, are chronic, they will not be able to cure them. But the symptoms and impact can be reduced by correctly selected therapy.
There is no medicine from HPV. But there is a preventive vaccination. It usually makes up to 25 years, preferably before the start of sex life. The virus is quite common and does not necessarily lead to severe consequences. In case of detection, you will need to be observed by the doctor and take tests annually: to ensure that HPV does not lead to malignant formations. It is worth knowing that HPV can disappear the human papilloma virus (HPV) and cervical cancer without treatment.
If from the very beginning it is known that sexual intercourse occurred with a carrier of HIV infection, you can pass antiretroviral therapy. It lasts a month and strongly reduces the risk to get infected. Therapy should start until 72 hours from the moment of unprotected sex. To do this, contact the nearest AIDS center to start treatment. It is not always easy to do in such a short time.
Pregnancy and STIs – objective risks in sex, from which it will not protect either the faith in the purity of the partner, nor an oath promise "I will be careful". You can only trust yourself and contraception. Therefore, the main thing is to do after unprotected sex, the conclusions. For example, that condom packaging should always be at hand.
In the world where sex is most often engaged in pleasure, contraception has made a breakthrough, and it’s stupid not to use it for yourself.
The simplest thing that can be done is to learn how to choose and wear a condom, always check his shelf life and carry in his pocket to get at the right moment, and this is any sex with a new partner.