I want to put plastic windows. How to choose?
Not really. Externally, plastic windows relative to each other may vary by wind load resistance level, air and water permeability. According to the current standards GOST 23166-99 blocks of window. General specifications, the highest category for these parameters is class A. Such windows will even suit the owners of apartments on the upper floors of high-rise buildings and will be able to restrain the strong gusts of the wind.
Another important parameter – sound insulation. The windows must protect both the grun of cars on the road near the house, and from the sounds that comes from the playground in the yard. Here also applies the division into classes depending on the ability of the window block to reduce the air noise. Best with this task Class A products are coping with. Before ordering, look into the passport of the window system and check how the selected windows correspond to the class.
The most obvious parameters from the point of view of the consumer are the type of design and the way to open the window. According to the type of window design, one can be single-handed, two-dimensional and three-tier. Double-sided – the most common option, such a window can be opened both both sash and only one, and the second remains deaf.
By the opening method, the windows are divided into sliding, rotary and swivel-folding. Sliding sash moves on guides to the left and right, this type of windows is suitable for small rooms, where even the windowsill have to be used as a place for storage. Swivel-folding windows – a universal version: they can be opened and open, and translate into slotting mode. But the windows with a turning opening of the ventilation regime are not, you can only open the lash, so for apartments and houses where children and pets live, this option is not suitable for obvious reasons.
If I want home to be warm, you need to look at the number of cameras?
The number of cameras, of course, is an important parameter, but not only it affects the heat loss. For reference: The chamber of the glass package is a design of a glass fastening along the contour frame. The combination of two glass with one interval between them is called a single-chamber, and in a two-chamber design there are three glasses and two air chambers between them. Single-chamber glass windows are suitable for the balcony, and it is better to choose the options for at least two cameras: they will help reduce heat loss in winter and will provide decent noise insulation.
To reduce heat loss, windows manufacturers can fill the space between windows with dry air or inert gases – xenon, argon or crypton. They reduce the coefficient of thermal conductivity and protect windows from the appearance of condensate so that the glass package does not swam from the inside. There are cons: over time, seals wear out, and gas begins to leak into the room. Health in the inhabitants of the house or apartment does not threaten, but the thermal insulation properties of the glass package fall. About 10 years after installation, the gas windows will have to be downloaded.
Additionally, cut the heat loss helps a special spraying: on a thin layer, a coating based on metal oxides reflecting infrared radiation is applied. The lighting ability from such a coating is less not becoming, but the double-glazed windows with a spraying decides at once two tasks: in winter it helps to keep warm in the room, and in the summer it protects against overheating.
If you rarely be in your city, you can choose a three-dimensional window with a profile of 60 mm deep – for example, Rehau Blitz. Such options are suitable for country houses, if you live there only in summer. Blitz protects not only from the cold, but also from water and dust – for this window there are two contours of seals outside and inside.
For harsh districts with winds and frosts, it is better to choose a window with a depth of profile from 70 mm, and cameras may not be three, and five or six. These requirements are complied with Puela GRAZIO Popy chamber windows – they help keep warm even in extreme cold and high humidity conditions. Intelio 80 windows with six chambers and a depth of 80 mm profile will be protected not only from frost, but also from noise. If you live with a view of a lively road, the Intelio 80 system will provide silence and calm sleep: windows delay up to 45 dB.
In my house constantly dark. Maybe there are some windows with which it will be lighter?
For dark rooms, windows with a reduced profile height are suitable. If the explanation is extremely simplified, such windows have the frame below, which means that the area of the glazed surface will increase. At all without frames, it will not be possible for obvious reasons – it is necessary to fix it, but the manufacturers find a compromise between the reliability and an enlarged area of the transparent part of the design.
For rooms overlooking the North, windows based on the Rehau Delight-Design profile are suitable. Due to the increase in the lighting outlet by 10% compared to conventional windows, they skip more light even in winter. And Delight-Design reliably protects heat due to the profile of 70 mm depth and five cameras.
And what if I want a window to the whole wall?
Not a problem. In urban conditions, the possibilities of panoramic glazing are usually limited to the trim of balconies and loggias, but in the country or in a country house, you can turn on the full and make windows to the floor on the veranda or in the room. If the room is small, such a solution will help to visually expand it and add light and air. True, it is better to experiment on the first floor: the windows will need to wash, and cope with the panoramic design on the second floor it is unlikely to succeed.
You can even combine the window with the door – it turns out the sliding design width in the wall, which is easy to open to let into place even more light. The Rehau Panorama Swing-Design system is suitable for open-to-4 m wide and up to 2.3 m height. In fact, these are multi-door doors, where each sash moves independently of others. You can install single-chamber or double-chamber windows in such windows – a great option for giving, where you are only in the summer. True, if you live in the city all year round, from frosts this design is unlikely to protect, but it can be used inside the house, replacing the wall on the transparent partition.
That and for round windows there are solutions?
In fact, plastic windows can be almost any shape: not only the familiar rectangular, but also arched, round or triangular. Rehau partners make such windows to order under the specific dimensions of the window. There are some limitations: for example, the diameter of the round window must be at least 60 cm – the profile does not allow to make the coolest bend. The triangular windows of the corners cannot be too sharp – an option is allowed at least 30 degrees.
The rest of the window of non-standard form does not differ from the usual: for good thermal insulation, two-chamber windows can be installed, and the opening system may be swivel or swivel-folding. In arched windows, combination of deaf and opening flaps. Such windows will cost more than standard, but perfectly fit into the design of a country house.
White window is boring, I want color. There are generally there?
Of course there. There are even solutions imitating metal or wood. For example, windows from the Rehau Woodec collection are covered with a matte film with a tree texture – not distinguish from real wooden, but it is not easy to care for them.
There are several ways to transform a standard white profile. The most obvious (but not the easiest) option – staining. To paint keeps longer and did not fade, it is covered with a special protective layer. From the manufacturer, high-quality equipment is required: at the time of applying paints on the profile, the deposit of the dusty is not allowed, and the coating should lie down smoothly, without tubercles and influx.
You can use decorative lining on the front profile surface, for example aluminum. Such linings are painted in any color, they are easy to care, but there is a minus. The design becomes harder, which means that the load on the loop grows.
Finally, manufacturers offer laminated profiles: they are covered with fine colored film, from under which air bubbles are expelled with special rollers. If the window needs to be illuminated only from the inner or external side, the usual white profile will suit. If you want a window with a coating at once from two sides, you can choose a colored base: the profile is made with the addition of pigments, and then the fit color film is applied to additional protection. The coating is obtained persistent, the film is not terrible or water nor aggressive cleaning products.
Say windows need to change every five years. Really?
This is a typical excuse of unfair manufacturers and sellers. A window from modern materials is capable of serving up to 60 years, even if you do not blow with him every dust.
Wash plastic frames can be soapy or a special tool to care for windows without acid and abrasive particles, and the emerging pollution will help defeat the melamine sponge. Knife dirt is better not to scrape – scratch plastic, and if the window is seamined, the film will be corrupted.
At least a couple of times a year it is necessary to check the accessories of the window. Remove with loops and valves dirt soapy water, wipe dry and process moving parts with silicone lubricant or oil that is used for sewing machines. Approximately the same scheme cleaned seals: First, wash the mud with a solution of soap, and then dispense with a dry drop of silicone lubricant to the seal. Without regular care, the seal will fuse and lose elasticity, the window will stop tightly to the frame, and it will blow out of the slots.
With high-quality windows in your home, even in winter will be warm, light and cozy. To buy not disappointed, choose verified manufacturers. The service life of the Rehau profile systems is 60 years, so the windows will have to change except your grandchildren. Do not limit the standard options and make windows to your taste: Rehau specialists will help you choose the appropriate configuration, the number of cameras and even the color of the frame.